Cardiology

A. Cyanosis B. Hypertrophic left ventricle C. Hypertrophic left atrium D. Hypertrophic media of pulmonary arterioles E. Hypertrophic media of pulmonary veins The Correct Answer is A. Cyanosis FEATURES OF TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: Most common form of cyanotic heart disease; 6-10% of all congenital heart disease. Constellation of- Large Ventricle Septal Defect, Right Ventricle Outlet Track obstruction (pulmonic stenosis), [...]

A. Is common B. Occurs mainly in young men C. May be present with congenital heart disease D. Is associated with chest pain, dyspnea and syncope E. Is seen frequently together with idiopathic systemic hypertension The Correct answer is D. Is associated with chest pain, dyspnea and syncope Primary (Idiopathic) Pulmonary Hypertension: 2' to persistently increased fetal [...]

A 71 year old man had transfemoral catheterization for coronary angiography which revealed the presence of severe atherosclerotic narrowing of all major coronary arteries. Within hours of the procedure, he developed severe left lower quadrant abdominal pain, which was later associated with rebound tenderness, livido reticularis (erythematous skin rash) of the abdominal skin, increasing hypertension, cold [...]

Which features are seen with the Tetrology of Fallot? A. Ventricular septal defect B. Overriding aorta C. Right ventricular outflow obstruction D. Right ventricular hypertrophy E. All of the above The Correct Answer is E Tetralogy of fallot is characterized by four major defects. These four conditions include pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, [...]

The treatment of choice for recurrent transient ischemic attacks in a patient on aspirin with new-onset atrial fibrillation: a) Anticoagulation b) Carotid endarterectomy c) Clopidogrel d) Corticosteroid treatment e) Carotid stent The correct answer is A. Patient compliance with antiplatelet therapy should be determined. When possible, the cause of the TIA or sroke should be [...]

A patient has persistent >2mm ST elevation in V2-6 two hours following a myocardial infarction, with hypertension of 205/115 mmHg. He has already been given morphine and aspirin. What is the next management of choice? a) IV Nitroglycerine b) Double-bolus r-PA c) IV GTN d) IV streptokinase e) Subcutaneous heparin The correct answer is A A working [...]

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